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What is EMDR Therapy

Surprise Yourself – Take The Next Step With This Personal Development Advice

May 26th, 2018

Personal Development – A great way to turn your life around for the better is through self-improvement. This will have you questioning where to start making the changes to how you live. This article will contain the tips you need to start helping yourself with self-improvement.

Stress can impede your ability to be happy. Being subjected to sustained and extreme stress can have negative mental and physical repercussions. So that we think clearly and work toward our goals in life, it is important that we eliminate stress from our minds. Have some time every day when you can relax and meditate in solitude. This refreshing time can improve your self-image and peace.

See what is in the way between your success and you. Figuring this out is daunting for most people. Once you can pinpoint your own weaknesses, it is easier to accept them, act on them, and change them. If you are able to overcome some hurdles, you might get a clearer picture of what your future holds.

Personal Development

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Wherever you happen to be, when a great idea strikes your brain, write it down. Make sure you have a notepad on you at all times. Jot down whatever you come up with in detail and then act on it later when your creativity is flowing naturally.

Place your personal central principles into practice. Everyone has a set of beliefs that are integral to their identity. When your core principles are well-thought-out and defensible, acting in accordance with them will improve your self-esteem. Better yet, this practice encourages consistency, which is an excellent character trait to maintain.

Humility is a very important trait to have when working on your self-improvement. Realizing how tiny you are in the grand scheme of things will help you to admit your ignorance. Once you have fully accepted this realization, you’ll seek to better yourself by learning and understanding as much as you can about the vast world in which you live.

Create a personal development plan by determining what your personal values are. Working against these values will lead to frustration and failure. Seek out areas of your life that you can develop that you can spend your energy on without going against what you hold important in life. This enables you to make lasting changes in your life, both in a personal and a professional capacity.

Exercise even if you are at your ideal weight. There are many physical and mental benefits to a regular exercise program. Exercising causes the release of endorphins that make you feel happier and less irritable.

Prepare for emergency expenses. Without such a fund, you may have to rely on credit cards or high-interest loans to deal with sudden expenses or emergencies. Just saving a little bit each week can quickly add up to a decent sum. This “rainy day fund” gives the security of knowing we can manage our expenses and pay off our debts.

Each day should be an opportunity to top the previous day’s accomplishments. You should never stop trying to find ways to do things better, and better yourself. Set a goal to do things better today than what you did yesterday.

Your pastor or counselor is there to help. These professionals are equipped to discuss very deep, emotional issues and often have many years of experience. Professionals will be able to help you consider all your options and give you more information about available resources. You may find that sharing your personal issues with a professional will open the door to health and happiness.

Complex Carbs

If you notice yourself struggling with the blues, try increasing the number of complex carbs in your diet. A lack of complex carbs can lead to a shortage of serotonin, a significant factor in depression. This can also be achieved by upping your intake of raw fruits and veggies, legumes and whole grains.

No matter what, you must adhere to one rule. Make the choice to be active in life and avoid being a spectator. If you are only watching your life go by, you are not experiencing what your life was meant to be.

Learn how to get through trying situations without letting your emotions get the best of you. Practice staying calm just one situation at a time, and your ability to handle stressful events will grow with each success. Above all, remember to take a second and breathe deeply before confronting any stressful situation.

Do not shop for comfort. If you practice something you like instead of shopping, you will not spend a lot of money and get into debt.

Organize your life. Getting organized is an accomplishment, and continually staying organized boosts your confidence. You are going to have the additional benefit of the stress relief that organization gives you. There is something very calming about knowing that everything is in its place.

When thinking about your personal development goals, set what standards you think constitutes the best. Setting high standards for yourself can help you achieve self-improvement you desire.

The key to self-improvement is being good to your body. If you feel thirsty, hungry, etc., you need to correct that issue right away. A healthy body provides you with the basis for pursuing a course of personal development. By shying away from problems, your body will likely do the same in the future.

This article should have shown you that helping yourself involves a lot of hard work to start making viable changes in your life. One thing to keep in mind is that if you want to see noticeable results, you have to stick to it. You can begin to live an easier and better life with the tips you just learned.

Speak to your therapist about EMDR for Anxiety today and how it may help with your personal development.

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Knowledge About Self Improvement

May 16th, 2018

Self Improvement – Figuring out how you should go about the personal development process can be puzzling. Since everyone is different, it is essential to identify what can work for you when you’re thinking about personal development. You should always continue researching and learning new ways to improve your self-improvement plan.

Take every available opportunity to improve yourself. Have the courage to make choices even if your knowledge is not what it could be. A proven track record of responsible, successful decision-making can grow into improved instincts. If you make a mistake, it is okay because you can learn from your mistakes. A wrong choice will open up the door for a better one.

Focus on making your time spent working as productive as possible. The best way to do that is to take breaks more often. Although it sounds counterproductive, taking breaks when working allows getting more accomplished because you aren’t getting burnt out. The cracks allow you a chance refresh yourself and work harder.

Live according to your principles. Most people have a system of beliefs and principles they inject into their everyday lives. When these beliefs are reliable and easily defensible, your confidence will grow by using them as a guiding force in your life. Even better, when you act on your principles, you will become more consistent without having to make any effort to do so. This act of consistency is an excellent trait to cultivate.

Know which values and characteristics are important to you before designing a program for personal development. It wouldn’t make sense to work on areas in your life that contradict your values. Focus on positive aspects to improve. These aspects should mesh with your values. Consider each change a permanent improvement to your lifestyle.

Give others compliments. Doing the opposite and taking the initiative to be kind to others helps you to be kind to yourself too.

Create your pep talk. On a postcard, write down all of your best qualities. Keep it with you at all times, and refer to it when necessary. Even better, read it aloud on video and watch the video often. Is there a benefit?

Self Improvement Emergency Fund

You need to have an emergency fund and not charge unexpected expenses on credit cards. Puting unforeseen and unplanned expenditures on credit cards only adds interest to the debt and increases your burden. Investing a couple of dollars per week will quickly grow into a large emergency fund. That fund can help us both in the short term and in the long run as our debt decreases instead of increases.

You only need to remember one key to live and lead a successful life. You must live life to the fullest, and avoid being a spectator for the world. Active participation in everyday matters is the only way to be alive in the world.

Perhaps you have set high goals for yourself and keep failing to attain them. If this is the case, it is a good idea to stop and think why. You can take time to research your goals, and see how others have achieved the same accomplishments. You might find you are making simple mistakes such as not spending enough time or not getting the right information.

Learn to rationalize situations and approach every word you hear with caution. Don’t be in haste to respond to questions. Dealing with conditions is a skill that you can learn from others or teach yourself. If you learn how to handle the most stressful situations in life, then the smaller stuff will feel manageable, making your daily life better. Take time each day to breathe.

Simplify your life by getting organized. If you can organize your life, you will feel more confident and more accomplished. An organization can make you feel considerably less stressed, which then increases your sense of well-being. Knowing where all of your things are is a great feeling.

Taking some moderate risks could be the key to your happiness! Many people get stuck in a zone that is comfortable, so they do not risk failure or rejection, but the real risk is the loss of opportunities for personal growth. Risk taking is courageous, which is a necessary quality in finding happiness.

Do not give any situation more thought, or attention than it deserves. When you learn how to cope with stress, you will carefully consider options and calmly handle problems stress-free. Fix your mistakes and move on with your life. Always look at what you still have instead of what you lost.

One way to improve yourself is to discover and emphasize your strengths while minimizing your weaknesses. Determine what is important to you, try your best and value your work.

Attaining well-being begins with supporting your body’s needs. When your body lets you know that it needs food, water, rest, or the like, give it what it needs as soon as you can. If you listen to your body, you will be in better shape. Lapsing into poor health by not meeting your body’s needs can have repercussions.

One of the most important things when going down the road to personal development is realizing that you do deserve nothing but the best. Commit to taking good care of yourself by providing yourself with only the best. You should feel satisfied that you have given it your all, and you will have nothing to regret.

Humility is key. You can begin making small changes in your health, business, and personal relationships. No one knows everything, and everyone has more to learn from others. Stay open-minded and keep looking for new opportunities. You will be able to learn amazing things from each person you encounter if you encounter them in an open-minded fashion.

Remember that each person is unique in their way, so take in what you think can help you with this article. If you wish to succeed, it is wise to try to use this advice that you just read. If the information you’ve found here sounds right for a friend or family member, feel free to share it so that you and others can improve yourselves together.

Speak to your therapist about EMDR for Anxiety today.

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How To Effectively Treat And Deal With Your Depression

May 12th, 2018

A lot of people suffer from depression without knowing it. They may think this is just a phrase when it is really depressing. This article has some great information regarding depression.

One way to beat the blues is to lay off foods and beverages that are loaded with sugar. This even includes fruit juices, honey, and molasses. Sugar will enter the bloodstream much quicker than the complex carbohydrate founds in whole grain products. The quick jolt of sugar into the bloodstream can cause a burst of energy, quickly followed by a trough of depression and fatigue.

One good way to deal with being depressed is to develop outside hobbies or interests. You can become depressed if you don’t have many interests or activities you enjoy doing. Try to start up a new hobby, like dancing, playing the drums, or reading. However you choose to spend your time, you will be working very positively against the forces of depression.

Get out and get a little bit of sun every day. Research has provided evidence that too little sunshine can worsen the symptoms of depression.

Work on solving personal problems to beat depression. Take small steps to avoid becoming overwhelmed and take on tasks one or two at a time. Breaking these down into smaller goals and objectives helps you better work towards beating your depression.

Try meditating to help relieve some of your issues with depression. Studies have proven that meditation can increase mood and lower blood pressure.

Depression is quite a bit different from a run of the mill sadness. Similar techniques can be used to deal with it, though. Staying away from people and situations that cause depression is one key factor. Make every effort possible to eliminate those things from your life.

When aware of specific causes of your depression, work towards doing something about them. If you feel unhealthy, make the decision to eat well and exercise. Get some exercise by getting outside and enjoying nature.

Do not use the words “depression” and “depressed”. These words are very real, but they have many negative connotations attached and can worsen any feelings of hopelessness. The next time you begin to feel blue, look at it like a temporary mood instead. It’s easier to think of it as raising your mood levels than battling depression, even though that’s what’s happening.

Decorate your home or bedroom to reflect things that make you happy and lift your spirits. This will be a natural way to make yourself feel better.

Whether you feel sad all the time or have clinical depression, you should stay in touch with a therapeutic professional. They can help you get a proper diagnosis, and medicate you if needed. They can also let you know the kind of depression you suffer from.

Never drink alcohol or use drugs if you are feeling depressed. People with depression sometimes think alcohol and drugs will help them feel better, but they actually make things worse. Often, taking drugs or drinking alcohol can lead to dependency.

Take your anti-depressants on a consistent schedule, ideally each morning. By maintaining the same routine, it is less likely you will forget about taking your medicine. In addition, if you take your medicine after you wake up in the morning, you will feel better when you are at work and doing other daily tasks.

Combat Depression

Going to activities is a great way to combat depression. By surrounding yourself with people that love and care about you will help you to feel less depressed, even if it’s just for the time that you are around them. Loading your calendar with lots of fun activities will help you combat depression.

Spend a little bit of time trying to understand and analyze your depression. Depression comes in two forms, physical and psychological. If you stay anxious or stressed for a time period, your brain may slow down on serotonin production. When this happens, the symptoms of depression will worsen. This is why anti-depressants are typically ordered for depression; they help the body make additional serotonin. You can boost your serotonin levels naturally several ways. For example, eating a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and avoiding stimulants such as caffeine or alcohol are natural ways to increase your serotonin levels.

Stress can be your worst enemy during a depression. Stress will worsen and prolong depression. You must determine what is causing your stress. Recognizing what triggers your stress can help you to avoid situations that are stressful and that might worsen your depression.

Try to stay positive. Negative thoughts will only exacerbate your condition. Depression sufferers have trouble seeing any good in their life, while conversely, happier people see the positives because they accept sadness as a fact of life and deal with it accordingly. Positivity will also draw others to you who can support you, ending loneliness.

Seek a therapist for mood-related problems, including depression. Depression can be very difficult to cope with on your own, and a professional will be able to give you the help you or your loved one needs to get through the depression.

Speak to your therapist about EMDR today.

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Fast Professional Tips On Overcoming Your Depression

May 11th, 2018

When you are depressed, everyone feels the side effects. Your loved ones will also feel it. If your loved one or you is depressed, these tips can help with the situation. Read on to discover different ways of improving yourself.

Try to get some sun each day. Avoiding sunlight could increase the symptoms of depression.

Mental Health

One frequently overlooked variable in depression is diet and nutrition. Although we readily recognize that poor dietary choices can hurt our physical well being, it can affect our mental health as well, contributing to, or worse, depression. Foods that are high in saturated fat should be avoided to improve your physical and psychological health.

If you know what triggers your depression, it is essential that you immediately deal with the situation. Say you feel depressed because you are in poor physical condition. One way to address that would be to begin a simple, gentle program of activities. Go to the gym and start working to improve your fitness level.

If you have been diagnosed with clinical depression, you cannot expect it to be cured overnight. This battle is not going to be quick, nor will it be easy. So make sure that you are prepared by learning all that you can.

Overcome Depression

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Depression can make you want to avoid people, but that is the worst thing that you can do. Being around people who love you and that you care about should make you feel better instantly, and that can go a long way. Putting social activities on your calendar will make you less susceptible to depression.

If you are struggling with depression, it’s essential that you realize you are never in it alone. When you feel all alone and like no one can understand what you are going through, this will make your depression worse, even if it is not true. There will always be someone out there that is suffering as much as you and also people out there that are willing to help you.

Be aware of the surrounding conditions of your depression. Depression isn’t only psychological, but it is physical as well. The brain will have a decrease in serotonin when a person has been anxious or stressed out for a while. A reduction in seratonin can cause your feelings of depression to increase dramatically. Anti-depressants can be helpful for dealing with depression because they stimulate the production of serotonin. You can, however, naturally increase serotonin levels. Don’t hop yourself up on stimulants like caffeine, don’t drink alcohol, sleep for eight hours each night, and get at least 30 minutes of exercise five days a week.

Many medications can help to ease the symptoms of depression, but your doctor should always prescribe them. This step of treatment is significant as sometimes therapy alone cannot solve depression. The cause of depression is a chemical imbalance in your brain and medication can help these chemicals balance out.

Choosing a positive attitude can be a powerful way to approach every situation when you are dealing with your depression. Keeping a positive frame of mind in challenging conditions can make it easier for you to come up with workable solutions.

Be sure to use proper stress management techniques to avoid adding to your depression. Stress can make your depressed condition more severe. You need to examine your life and determine what is stressing you out. Once you have identified your stress triggers, you can create a plan for avoiding them.

When your depression symptoms are at their worst, it is best for you to avoid caffeine. Depression could worsen if a person is taking in too much caffeine, according to studies. If you like to drink soda or coffee, switch to the decaffeinated version.

Negative Thoughts

Stay positive! Negative thoughts are always with someone that has depression. Someone who is depressed never feels right about anything in their life, while someone who is happy tends to push aside any negative thoughts or deal with them head-on. Having a positive attitude will attract more people around you, and you will be less lonely.

Keeping a journal can help combat depression and can help you to chronicle your experiences. Once you start to write in your journal daily, you may see patterns that affect your mood, and you can change them.

Exercise is a good idea for any person with depression. Keeping the body in motion has been proven to help depression. Running, walking and sports are great depression reducers.

Buy a birdhouse. Birdhouses not only spruce up your yard, but you will also enjoy the birds that flock to it. Nature is an excellent anti-depressant.

To beat depression, try performing physical activities every day. Exercise elevates the endorphins throughout your body, causing you to feel better. If you feel depressed, an excellent way to begin exploring better is to devise an exercise regimen. It can be as simple as allocating an hour a day to jogging.

To deal with the problems of depression, you may want to consider joining a support group. It is often helpful to understand your grief by talking to other people who also suffer from depression. Many times they can offer suggestions, and share experiences that you haven’t experienced.

Do not rely on a crutch to get rid of your depression. Certain people might choose alcohol as a way to help their depression, and this may seem like a good idea, but this only cause euphoria.

Depression affects more than just those who suffer from it, but It also affects people that surrounds them. Apply this guidance to assist someone you love, or even yourself, with the battle against depression.

Speak to your therapist about EMDR today.

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Mental Health Service

May 4th, 2018

Mental health service – Who’s Who In The Mental Health Service: GPS, Psychiatrists, Psychologists, CPNS And Allied Therapists

When a person is experiencing psychological or emotional difficulties (hereafter called mental health problems), they may well attend their GP. The GP will interview them and based on the nature and severity of the persons’ symptoms may either recommend treatment himself or refer the person on to a specialist. There can seem a bewildering array of such specialists, all with rather similar titles, and one can wonder as to why they’ve been referred to one specialist rather than another. In this article, I give an outline of the qualifications, roles and typical working styles of these specialists. This may be of interest to anyone who is about to, or already seeing, these specialists.

The General Practitioner

Although not a mental health specialist, the GP is a common first contact for those with mental health problems. A GP is a doctor who possesses a medical degree (usually a five-year course) and has completed a one-year pre-registration period in a general hospital (six-months on a surgical ward and six-months on a medical ward as a junior house officer). Following this, a GP has completed a number of six-month placements in various hospital-based specialties typical choices include obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, psychiatry and/or general medicine. Finally, a year is spent in general practice as a GP registrar under the supervision of a senior GP. During this period, most doctors will take examinations to obtain the professional qualification of the Royal College of General Practitioners (Member of the Royal College of General Practitioners, or MRCGP). Others qualifications, such as diplomas in child health, may also be obtained.

The GP is thus a doctor with a wide range of skills and experience, able to recognize and treat a multitude of conditions. Of course, the necessity of this wide range of experience places limits on the depth of knowledge and skills that they can acquire. Therefore, if a patient’s condition is rare or, complicated, or particularly severe and requiring hospital-based treatment, then they will refer that patient on to a specialist.

Focusing on mental health problems it will be noted that whilst the majority of GPs have completed a six-month placement in psychiatry, such a placement is not compulsory for GPs. However, mental health problems are a common reason for attending the GP and, subsequently, GPs tend to acquire a lot of experience on the job.

Most GPs feel able to diagnose and treat the common mental health problems such as depression and anxiety. The treatments will typically consist of prescribing medication (such as antidepressants or anxiolytics) in the first instance. If these are ineffective, alternative medication may be tried, or they may refer the patient to a specialist. GPs are more likely to refer a patient to a specialist immediately if their condition is severe, or they are suicidal, or they are experiencing psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations and delusions.

The Psychiatrist

This is a fully qualified doctor (possessing a medical degree plus one year pre-registration year in a general hospital) who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of mental health problems. Most psychiatrists commence their psychiatric training immediately following their pre-registration year and so have limited experience in other areas of physical illness (although some have trained as GPs and then switched to psychiatry at a later date). Psychiatric training typically consists of a three-year basic training followed by a three-year specialist training. During basic training, the doctor (as a Senior House Officer or SHO) undertakes six-month placements in a variety of psychiatric specialities taken from a list such as; General Adult Psychiatry, Old Age Psychiatry (Psychogeriatrics), Child and Family Psychiatry, Forensic Psychiatry (the diagnosis and treatment of mentally ill offenders), Learning Disabilities and the Psychiatry of Addictions. During basic training, the doctor takes examinations to obtain the professional qualification of the Royal College of Psychiatrists (Member of the Royal College of Psychiatrists or MRCPsych).

After obtaining this qualification, the doctor undertakes a further three-year specialist-training placement as a Specialist Registrar or SpR. At this point, the doctor chooses which area of psychiatry to specialize in General Adult Psychiatry, Old Age Psychiatry etc and his placements are selected appropriately. There are no further examinations, and following successful completion of this three-year period, the doctor receives a Certificate of Completion of Specialist Training or CCST. He can now be appointed as a Consultant Psychiatrist.

The above is a typical career path for a psychiatrist. However, there is an increasing number of job titles out with the SHO-SpR-Consultant rubric. These include such titles as Staff Grade Psychiatrist and Associate Specialist in Psychiatry. The doctors with these titles have varying qualifications and degrees of experience. Some may possess the MRCPsych but not the CCST (typically, these are the Associate Specialists); others may possess neither or only part of the MRCPsych (many Staff Grades).

Psychiatrists of any level or job title will have significant experience in the diagnosis and treatment of people with mental health difficulties, and all (unless themselves a consultant) will be supervised by a consultant.

 

Psychiatrists have particular skill in the diagnosis of mental health problems, and will generally be able to provide a more detailed diagnosis (i.e. what the condition is) and prognosis (i.e. how the condition changes over time and responds to treatment) than a GP. The psychiatrist is also in a better position to access other mental health specialists (such as Psychologists and Community Psychiatric Nurses or CPNs) when needed. They also have access to inpatient and day patient services for those with severe mental health problems.

The mainstay of treatment by a psychiatrist is, like with GPs, medication. However, they will be more experienced and confident in prescribing from the entire range of psychiatric medications some medications (such as the antipsychotic Clozapine) are only available under psychiatric supervision and others (such as the mood-stabilizer Lithium) are rarely prescribed by GPs without consulting a psychiatrist first.

A psychiatrist, as a rule, does not offer talking treatments such as psychotherapy, cognitive therapy or counseling. The latter may be available in-house at the GP surgery some surgeries employ a counselor to whom they can refer directly.

Psychologists and allied mental health staff typically provide the more intensive talking therapies. Some senior mental health nurses and CPNs will have been trained in specific talking therapies. It is to a Psychologist or a trained nurse that a psychiatrist will refer a patient for talking therapy. These therapies are suitable for certain conditions and not for others generally, conditions such as Schizophrenia and psychosis are less appropriate for these therapies than the less severe and more common conditions such as depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, phobia(s) and addictions. In many cases, a patient will be prescribed both medication and a talking therapy – thus they may be seen by both a therapist and a psychiatrist over the course of their treatment.

The Psychologist

A qualified clinical psychologist is educated and trained to an impressive degree. In addition to a basic degree in Psychology (a three-year course), they will also have completed a Ph.D. (Doctor of Philosophy or Doctorate) a further three-year course involving innovative and independent research in some aspect of psychology. They will also be formally trained in the assessment and treatment of psychological conditions, although with a more “psychological” slant than that of psychiatrists. Psychologists do not prescribe medication. They are able to offer a wide range of talking therapies to patients, although they typically specialize and become expert in one particular style of therapy. The therapies a particular psychologist will offer may vary from a colleague, but will usually be classifiable under the title of Psychotherapy (e.g. Analytic Psychotherapy, Transactional Analysis, Emotive therapy, Narrative therapy etc) or Cognitive Therapy (e.g. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) or Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) etc).

The Community Psychiatric Nurse (CPN)

These are mental health trained nurses that work in the community. They will have completed a two or three-year training programme in mental health nursing – this leads to either a diploma or a degree, depending on the specific course. They are not usually “general trained”, meaning their experience of physical illness will be limited. Following completion of the course, they will have spent a variable amount of time in placements on an inpatient psychiatric unit – this time can range from twelve months to several years. They can then apply to be a CPN – they are required to show a good knowledge and significant experience of mental health problems before being appointed.

CPNs are attached to Community Mental Health Teams and work closely with psychiatrists, psychologists, and other staff. They offer support, advice, and monitoring of patients in the community, usually visiting them at home. They can liaise with other mental health staff on behalf of the patient and investigate other support networks available (such as the mental health charities).

Some CPNs will be formally trained in one or more “talking therapies”, usually a cognitive therapy such as CBT (see “Allied Therapists” below).

“Allied” Therapists

Many “talking therapies” are offered by non-psychologists – for example, mental health nurses and mental health occupational therapists can undertake a training course in a cognitive therapy like CBT. After successful completion of the course, the nurse will be qualified and able to offer CBT to patients. The length and intensity of these courses can vary dramatically, depending on the type of therapy and the establishment providing the course. Some are intensive, full-time one or two-week courses; others are part-time and can extend over months and years. Perhaps a typical course will be one or two days a week for two to three months. Formal educational qualifications are not necessary to undertake these courses, and they are open to “lay” people with little or no experience of the NHS mental health services. Of course, this is not necessarily a problem – it may even be considered a positive point!

Some of those therapists thus qualified will offer their skills as part of their work in the NHS – for instance, a nurse, CPN or occupational therapist may offer cognitive therapy to a patient that has been referred by a psychiatrist. Unfortunately this is relatively rare at the moment, presumably due to the reluctance of the NHS to pay for such training for their staff. As a result, these therapies are more accessible on a private basis.

Summary

An individual with psychological difficulties will normally attend their GP in the first instance. The GP will usually have encountered similar problems with other patients and can offer a diagnosis and appropriate treatment. If the condition is unusual or particularly severe, the GP can refer the patient to a psychiatrist. The psychiatrist is able to access a wider range of treatments (medications and hospital care) and can, if necessary, recruit other mental health professionals to help the patient. This system perhaps works best with the severely mentally ill such as those with psychotic symptoms or who are suicidal.

The Mental Health Services in the NHS are generally less well suited to those with psychological problems of a less severe nature – the moderately depressed, the anxious, the phobic etc. The availability of “talking therapies” is limited in the NHS, with long waiting lists or even no provision at all in some areas. This appears to be due both to the cost of training staff appropriately and the time-intensive nature of these therapies.

For those with such conditions, the main option is to seek help outside the NHS. There are some voluntary organizations that offer free counseling for specific problems such as bereavement or marital/relationship difficulties, but more intensive therapies (such as CBT or NLP) are typically fee-based. Your GP or local Community Mental Health Team may be able to recommend a local private therapist.

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